I would like to start this blog by wishing all my readers a very happy and prosperous 71st Republic Day. India is always known for its diversity and cultural ethnicity across the globe, and we cherish every part of it by feeling proud when we see our flag furling high.
Let’s learn some interesting facts about our country and constitution.
1. Do you know the significance of this day in our lives?
Learn about Purna Swaraj Day
Earlier, January 26, 1930, was celebrated as Purna swaraj day or independence day. As per historical information, it is the day India decided to get freedom. This day marks as a replacement of the government of India Act 1935 with the constitution of India. This date was specially selected to bring the constitution into force.
2. World’s longest written constitution!!
Well, yes, you heard, right! A team of intellectual personalities drafted our constitution, and it contains 448 articles, which are grouped in 25 parts with 12 schedules and five appendices, amended 103 times. On 14 January 2019, the latest amendment became effective.
Team of intellectual personalities and chairman committee members-
Dr. B. R. Ambedkar - Chairman
KM Munshi (Ex- Home Minister, Bombay)
Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer (Ex- Advocate General, Madras State)
N Gopalaswami Iyengar (Ex-Prime Minister, J&K, member of Nehru Cabinet)
B L Mitter (Ex-Advocate General, India)
Md. Saadullah (Ex-Chief Minister of Assam, Muslim League member)
D P Khaitan (lawyer)
Benegal Narsing Rau as a constitutional advisor (first Indian judge in an international court of justice in 1950)
3. Learn about the time taken to frame our constitution and the different versions available!
Drafting the constitution was an arduous task. It took two years and 11 months to draft the constitution.
Our constitution is written in Hindi and English language.
4. Original constitution-
In Hindi and English, India’s original constitution was handwritten and calligraphed by Prem Behari Narain Raizada.
In this process, according to the Prem foundation, 432 pen holder nibs were used, and #303 nibs came in use for calligraphy.
Beohar Rammanohar Sinha and Nandalal Bose decorated each page border. Border illustrations represent styles from different civilizations of the subcontinent ranging from prehistoric Mohenjo-Daro from Indus valley civilization.
On November 26, 1949, the Indian constitution came into existence and got adopted.
5. The first Republic celebration and venue-
On 26 January 1950, we celebrated our first republic day, three years after independence. In Irwin Stadium(renamed as a national stadium), the first republic parade was held. The Rajpath became the permanent venue after the 1955 parade.
6. A Christian hymn- “Abide With Me”
At the end of the republic day parade, a Christian hymn “abide with me” is sung, which is written by Scottish Anglican Henry Francis Lyte. It is Mahatma Gandhi’s favorite song.
7. Countries from which the Indian constitution borrowed ideals
Major Sources of Indian Constitution
|Constitution of the United States||
|Irish constitution (Ireland)||
|Constitution of Soviet Union (USSR)||
|Constitution of South Africa||
|Constitution of Germany||
|Constitution of Japan||
|Government of India Act 1935||
8. Cost of making the constitution of India-
The original constitution took nearly five years for production. On 26 January 1950, it became the law of India. The estimated cost of the Constituent Assembly was₹6.3 crore (₹63 million).
9. National awards-
National awards like Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan, param veer chakra, Ashoka chakra, and Kriti chakra are awarded on the republic day ceremony.
10. 21- gun salute
On republic day, 21 gun salutes are given to mark the honor when the president of India hoists the national flag. Also, the national anthem takes 52 seconds to sing and play.
11. Beating Retreat ceremony-
The celebration of republic day ends with a beating retreat ceremony with the Indian army, air force, and navy bands performing.
12. On republic day, the year 1965 Hindi language was declared as the national language of India.
13. Chief guests from a different country- every year, a chief guest from a different country is invited.
Well, above are some unknown and interesting facts about our republic day celebration and constitution-making and enforcement. Circulate these facts among your friends and relatives. Enjoy the right, freedom, and feel proud to be a citizen of the world’s largest democracy. If you, too, have some interesting facts to share, go right ahead and tell us in the comment section below.